Skip to main content
site header image H-SC homepage link Library homepage link

Welcome to the Walter M. Bortz III Library.: Documenting Sources

Documenting Sources

Writing an Annotated Bibliography?

Primary v. Secondary Sources

Primary Source:

"An original source, such as a speech, a diary, a novel, a legislative bill, a laboratory study, a field research report, or an eyewitness account. While not necessarily more reliable than a secondary source, a primary source has the advantage of being closely related to the information it conveys and as such is often considered essential for research, particularly in history. In the sciences, reports of new research written by the scientists who conducted it are considered primary sources."

From: Hacker, D., & Fister, B. (2006). Research and documentation in the electronic age. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's.

Primary v. Secondary in the Sciences

  • Primary and Secondary Sources for Science - University at Albany
    • This webpage includes two helpful charts listing the differences between primary and secondary sources in the sciences, and providing two lists of examples of each type of source.

Summer Hours

View Hours on Calendar

Monday - Friday
    8:30am - 5:00pm
Saturday - Sunday
    Closed

Contact Us

Bortz Library:
(434) 223-6190

Main Circulation Desk:
(434) 223-7227

FTC (Media Center) Desk:
(434) 223-6293

Canvas Help:
(434) 223-6292

Research Help Desk:
(434) 223-6302

Library Director:
(434) 223-6193

Computing Center Help Desk: On Campus x6911
Off campus (434) 223-6373

Office of Academic Success: (434) 223-6286

CONTACT the College
Hampden-Sydney, VA 23943
(434) 223-6000
Forming good men and good citizens since 1776.
© 2016 - 2017
Emergencies